Cannes is a French commune located in the Alpes-Maritimes department and the Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur region. Its inhabitants are called Cannois.
Cannes’s seaside resort, Cannes is universally known for its Film Festival and its Croisette walk. Third city of the department by population after Nice and Antibes, could therefore develop at the edge of the tourist season and the festival.
Surface area: 19.62 km²
Time zone: UTC + 1
The area was already inhabited in the 2nd century BC It is believed that the Ligurian tribe of the Ossibians created a settlement called Aegitna. Historians are uncertain about the meaning of the name. The area was a fishing village, used as a stopover between the islands of Lerino. In 69 d.C. it became the scene of a violent conflict between the troops of Otone and Vitellio. In the tenth century, the city was known as Canua. The name could derive from the word “cane”. Canua was probably a small Ligurian port, and later a Roman outpost on the Le Suquet hill, as evidenced by the Roman tombs found there. On the hill Le Suquet was erected in the eleventh century a tower from which you controlled the marshy territory in which today stands the city instead. Most of the ancient activities, especially the defense, took place on the islands of Lerino and the history of Cannes is the history of the islands.
Henry Brougham, first baron Brougham and Vaux, bought a plot of land at the Croix des Gardes and built the “Villa Eleonore-Louise”. His commitment to improve the living conditions of the area attracted the English aristocracy, which also built winter residences. At the end of the 19th century, several railway lines were completed as well as the railway station, which facilitated the arrival of tram lines. In Cannes, projects such as the Boulevard Carnot, the rue d’Antibes and the Carlton Hotel on the Promenade de la Croisette were realized. . After the closure of the Casino des Fleurs (hôtel Gallia), a luxury building was built for the rich winter clientele, the Casino Municipal next to the Albert-Edouard pier. The casino was demolished and replaced by the new Palace in 1979. With the twentieth century new luxury hotels arrived, such as the Miramar and the Martinez. The city was modernized with a sports center, tramways, a post office and schools. The city council had the idea of hosting an international film festival just before the second world war: the first edition opened on 20 September 1946 and was held at the “Casino Municipal”.
The typical cuisine is characterized by the scents of the Mediterranean and Provence: in this area, the land donates tomatoes, olives, lemons, aromatic herbs and cheeses, the sea, offers fish and shellfish. Its seasonal vegetables, steamed, are enriched with Aioli, a typical Provencal sauce, consisting of garlic, oil and olive, and its vegetables are also used in the preparation of other delicious dishes, such as the famous Ratatouille, or vegetables cut into small pieces and stewed together, but following a cooking order: fresh and fragrant, especially with an addition of thyme and basil.
Among the many recipes based on fish, bouillabaisse is a great place to start: it is a soup that is obtained from fish waste, while the vegetables are cooked separately to which molluscs and fish are then joined cut into pieces. The “omelette de poutine” (fish known as “bianchini” or “bianchetti”) are another typical dish of this city: everything can be accompanied with delicate white wine. Cannes cuisine is Creole, also characterized by its proximity to Italy, fresh and sunny.
How to get here
To get to Cannes by plane you can book direct flights to Nice Airport (Nice Cote d’Azur) which is the second largest airport in France.
Once you get to the Ligurian coast it will be possible to go to France by taking the A7 towards Ventimiglia-Airport-A20 and then the A10 towards France: to reach the destination, go past the Menton and Nice exits and take the Cannes exit.
Sport & Nature
It is located in the French Alpes-Maritimes department and in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur region. It is about 31 km from Nice, 48 from Monaco and 57 from the Italian border. This municipality extends over the Côte d’Azur for almost 9 km and has the Maritime Alps behind it. In the west part of the city are the municipality of Le Cannet and the La Bocca district. In front of the city of Cannes there are the islands of Lerino: Sant’Onorato and Santa Margherita. Boulevard de la Croisette is the authentic backbone of Cannes, since it has outlined the plan of the city’s main attractions, that is, its beaches.
The beaches in Cannes are divided into two private and non-private categories. most of them are private beaches, belonging to luxury hotels in Cannes. Even tourists who do not stay in the hotel are guaranteed access to these beaches. In this regard, the meeting places for sunbathing are for example, the Martinez Beach (Plage du Martinez) recognized by the homonymous hotel, which is best known for the reference of the Cannes Film Festival. The Royal Beach (Plage Royal) is yet another popular access point, belonging to the Grand Hotel. The Plage de la Bocca and the Plage du Midi are considered as the most popular public free beach, along with the Plage du Casino and Plage Gazagnaire. In addition, Palm Beach for surfing is the best suited in this area.